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Projects > MED SUN & SEA Project > Med Sun&Sea - Project One



In ancient times, the Mediterranean Sea was the birthplace and seat of many civilizations, to the point that in no other place in the world is this point of view comparable.
Among these civilizations, whose relations have in many cases been an occasion for meeting and collaboration, but in many other fierce battles and even in deadly conflicts, a place of exceptional importance is the relationship that existed between Sicily and Malta, from the time Neolithic in which Malta was reached and populated by people from the coast of Sicily.
The two islands in later periods have experienced the social events caused by the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Normans, Swabians, Angevins and Spaniards, to mention only the most remote and natural events such as the earthquake of 1693 and the tsunami of 1908.T
All this has contributed to tracing a line of continuity in the endemic characteristics of the two territories under the naturalistic but also cultural and artistic expression and lifestyles.
The "fil rouge" that unites these two Mediterranean areas also reached the country that has always been a geographically central point and therefore of passage for these cultures and civilizations, Albania.

The roots of Albania merge with Illyria, ancient Greece and Roman history, and many of the ruins of the country reflect these civilizations as the Butrint sites show: "the museum city", Argirocastrao: "the city of stone "and Berat" the city of a thousand and one overlapping windows ", declared world heritage of humanity and protected by UNESCO.
International interest underlines how Albania is a country with great potential, natural beauty, architectural and historical imprint.
In Albania the aspects of the civilizations and lifestyles of the peoples of the Mediterranean coexist on which it faces with its 470 kilometers of coastline.

At the same time and way, the Maghreb civilizations were born and developed as protagonists of the relations between the Mediterranean and the African peoples and of the European Atlantic coast.
Located at the "edge of the world", these populations, even before the Phoenicians, mediated trade and relations with Africa from which came gold, ivory and other goods that fed the wealth of the coastal centers and from which arose the greatness of Carthage , first and that of Rome, then and finally of the whole Mediterranean.
It was, in particular, the maritime genius of Annone, in the 5th century BC who sought and opened the way beyond the Pillars of Hercules to face the Atlantic coast by crossing the great desert and the Berber tribes that controlled the land routes.
Over the centuries, the vicissitudes of Morocco have become intertwined, integrated, overlapping, distinct and even contrasted with those of the Phoenicians, Greeks, Byzantines and Romans providing, in any case, a great contribution to the progress of civilization in the Mediterranean with the birth of Moresca civilization characterized by the cultural encounter between the Islamic, Christian and Jewish world.
This great civilization has seen science, art, poetry and philosophy flourish.
To it we owe the recovery of the ancient Greek texts and their re-elaboration in medieval thought.
The architecture reached even the highest levels in Morocco, but especially in Arab Spain with the splendid creations of Cordoba, Seville and the masterpiece of the Alhambra in Granada.
Similarly, the Iberian peninsula has woven its history, culture and art with the other Mediterranean countries, in order to create close interrelations with other peoples that only different economic and religious visions have made conflicting at the level of sovereign states, in different moments of history.
The events of recent times have traced different political and social paths, and today, in the era of globalization, the characteristics of common origins must strengthen the similarities rather than acquire the differences.

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