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Financial services

Are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some . Financial services companies are present in all economically developed geographic locations and tend to cluster in local, national, regional and international financial centers such as London, New York City, Tokyo and China.

Commercial banking services

  • Keeping money safe
  • Issuance of chequebooks
  • Provide personal loans, commercial loans
  • Issuance of credit cards
  • Issuance of debit cards
  • Electronic fund transfers
  • Automatic Teller Machines
  • direct debits

Investment banking services

  • Capital market services
  • Brokerage services
  • Private banking

New York City and London are the largest centers of investment banking services
Foreign exchange services
Investment services
Other financial services

Investment services

  • Investment management the term usually given to describe companies which run collective investment funds. Also refers to services provided by others, generally registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as Registered Investment Advisors. Investment banking financial services focus on creating capital through client investments.
  • Hedge fund management Hedge funds often employ the services of "prime brokerage" divisions at major investment banks to execute their trades.
  • Custody services - the safe-keeping and processing of the world's securities trades and servicing the associated portfolios. Assets under custody in the world are approximately US$100

New York City is the largest center of investment services, followed by London.


  • Insurance brokers
  • Insurance underwriting
  • Finance & Insurance
  • Reinsurance

Financial exports

A financial export is a financial service provided by a domestic firm (regardless of ownership) to a foreign firm or individual. While financial services such as banking, insurance and investment management are often seen as a domestic service, an increasing proportion of financial services are now being handled abroad, in other financial centres


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